# When was the poem “Lightning” by Mary Oliver published?

**MARY OLIVER**

**When was the poem “Lightning” by Mary Oliver published?**

Mary Oliver’s poem “Lightning” which focuses on the perils of nature and the determination that all life must eventually come to an end was published in her volume entitled American Primitive. The…

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**SCIENCE**

**Discuss the phenomenon of osmosis.why and how does the water molecules move from a region in…**

Osmosis is the diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane. It is a type of passive transport because no additional energy must be added for this process to occur. If there is a…

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**NATIVE SON**

**In Native Son, how does Wright attract symapthy for Bigger?**

Wright takes the social conditions faced by African- Americans and internalizes them in the character of Bigger. In some respects, Wright’s depiction is the logical extension of Langston Hughes’…

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**ANIMAL FARM**

**In “Animal Farm”, how does Napoleon create a leader myth and personality cult?**

One of the most effective and often demonstrated methods of Napoleon’s work to create a leader myth and his cult of personality is his ability to kill anyone that stands in his way and to control…

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**MATH**

**Why do you use two different approaches on two similar combination/permutation problems such as…**

C(12,3) should be C(11,3) Typing errors.

**HISTORY**

**In what ways did Andrew Jackson support slavery?I know he was a slaveholder, but how did he…**

During the time that Andrew Jackson was president, slavery was not really a very big issue in American politics. The Missouri Compromise had already happened and the war with Mexico had not yet…

2 educator answers

**LITERATURE**

**What is the theme in “The Serious Kiss” by Mary Hogan?**

[eNotes editors are only permitted to answer one question per posting. If you have additional questions, please post them separately.] Mary Hogan’s “The Serious Kiss,” may have more than one theme,…

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**TEACHERS**

**Any idea about how to administer ELPA testing?? English language proficiency assessment.**

Depending on the requirements in your specific school district, the ELPA for the 2011 window opens in Jan 12. It is more preparation to be done as a district PRIOR to the test what is really the…

3 educator answers

**ESSAY LAB**

**Given the following statement: Literature does not only reflect, but rather shapes…**

I think that there are many avenues to pursue with such a topic. I would say that there are some challenges present within this essay. The formation and shaping of socio- political structures is…

4 educator answers

**LITERATURE**

**What would be a Barthian analysis to a tv commercial showing a young woman in fashion using a new…**

Roland Barthes is famous as a semiotician, so there are a few ways one could give a Barthian twist to a TV commercial about a fashionable young woman using a washing machine and washing powder….

1 educator answer

**M. FORSTER**

**What are the functions of culture according to Greenblatt and Forster?**

Stephen Greenblatt is one of the first critics belonging to the New Historicism movement, which developed thanks to the poststructuralism of the 1960s and 1970s. Influenced by French critics Michel…

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**THE ODYSSEY**

**In Book 20 of The Odyssey, what do the omens, dreams and the oozing of blood from the suitor’s…**

In Book 20 of the Odyssey, the omens, dreams, and oozing of blood from the suitor’s mouth portend the coming clash between Odysseus and the suitors, when he will kill them all for disrespecting his…

2 educator answers

**OTHELLO**

**Regarding Shakespeare’s Othello, in light of Iago’s original plans, in what ways do those plans…**

In Shakespeare’s Othello, Iago hates Othello and hopes to see him destroyed. Iago believes that if he wants to get to Othello, the best way is to go through Cassio, who was promoted by Othello,…

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**MATH**

**Find the cubic polynomial f(x) = ax^3 + bx^2 + cx + d that has horizontal tangents at the points…**

We have to determine a polynomial f(x) = ax^3 + bx^2 + cx + d given that it has horizontal tangents at the points ( -4,5) and (3,2). Now the slope of the tangent at a point on a curve can be…

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**THE ODYSSEY**

**In Book 19 of The Odyssey, Is Penelope being wily or does she not recognize Odysseus?**

Penelope does not at all recognize Odysseus. In this same book, she hears of Odysseus being another person other than the man that she is talking to about Odysseus (who actually is Odysseus). The…

1 educator answer

**TED HUGHES**

**What are the literary devices, form, structure and themes present in full moon and little frieda…**

Some literary devices are :- 1. Line one contains a metaphor comparing the evening to the sound of a dog’s bark or clank of a bucket. 2. “The moon has stepped back like an artist…” is a…

**THE ODYSSEY**

**In Book 13 of The Odyssey, Odysseus tests Athena. What do these tests tell us about Odysseus?**

When Athena appears to Odysseus in her disguise, Odysseus becomes an actor himself. He pretends to be a poor wanderer who was abandoned by his hosts. This is ironically true, but nonetheless, he…

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**THE ODYSSEY**

**In Book 13, Athena tests Odysseus. What do these tests tell us about Athena?**

Athena tests Odysseus by appearing as a young boy while Odysseus awakes to a misty seemingly-new land. It is indeed Ithaca and not knowing that it was Odysseus’ impatience was brewing. Athena…

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**THE ODYSSEY**

**In Book 19 of The Odyssey, Does Penelope recognize Odysseus?**

In Book 19, Penelope does not recognize Odysseus for who he is because he is disguised as a beggar. He expresses that he knows Odysseus and Penelope tests the validity of the alleged Odysseus…

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**PARADISE LOST**

**Discuss how Paradise Lost is an epic.plz answer in detail**

When you look at Milton’s Paradise Lost as an epic, according to the traditional interpretation of what constitutes an epic, you will find several parallels to classic epics like The Odyssey or…

1 educator answer

**THE VELDT**

**What is the inciting incident of “The Veldt”?**

Clearly, the major instigating incident that leads the children to take such terrible revenge on their parents comes when George and Lydia feel that their children have been spending too much time…

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**ODE TO THE WEST WIND**

**Please can I have an analysis of “Ode to the West Wind”?**

Essentially, this famous ode is an extended apostrophe to the powerful west wind, that Shelley refers to as “thou breath of Autumn’s being.” After addressing the wind and describing its effects,…

1 educator answer

**FRANKENSTEIN**

**How does chapter 5 of Frankenstein by Mary Shelley prepare the reader for what happens in the story?**

In chapter 5, the monster receives life and it literally makes Victor physically sick. Throughout the rest of the book, Victor spends much time contemplating the consequences of his action and…

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**ROMEO AND JULIET**

**What are some literary elements (such as metaphors or similes) in “Romeo and Juliet,” Act 3?**

Act 3 in Romeo and Juliet marks the turning point in the action of the play as a result of the fight between Mercutio and Tybalt, and then of course, Romeo. This is the scene just after Romeo’s…

2 educator answers

**ROMEO AND JULIET**

**What is a theme in Romeo and Juliet act 3 explained?**

I think fate/destiny is an appropriate theme for Act 3. In this Act, we see Mercutio wronged by the feud between the two houses. The prologue referred to the effects of the feud on the citizens of…

3 educator answers

**ROMEO AND JULIET**

**What are some good quotes explained from Romeo and Juliet act 3?**

This quote from the beginning of scene v demonstrates both foreshadowing and an undying love. Romeo says: Let me be ta’en, let me be put to death. I am content, so thou wilt have it so. I’ll say…

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**BELOVED**

**What some examples of catharsis in Toni Morrison’s novel Beloved?Catharsis can be defined as the…**

I think that you could make a case for catharsis amongst several characters. In my mind, Sethe undergoes the greatest amount of catharsis. Her narrative in the work is one entirely predicated…

1 educator answer

**MACBETH**

**Shakespeare didn’t give a dying speech for Macbeth, which speech in the play would serve best as…**

I would say it is the section beginning with “Tomorrow, tomorrow and tomorrow.” This is when Macbeth learns of his wife’s suicide. He goes from evil ambition to guilt and here, to complete…

2 educator answers

**MATH**

**Determine all real values of x in the equation (x-1)^(1/2)+(2-x)^(1/2) =1 ?**

We have to solve the equation : (x-1)^(1/2)+(2-x)^(1/2) =1 (x-1)^(1/2) + (2-x)^(1/2) = 1 square both the sides => [(x-1)^(1/2) + (2-x)^(1/2)]^2 = 1^2 => (x – 1) + (2 – x ) +…

1 educator answer

**ROMEO AND JULIET**

**In the 1996 movie version of Romeo and Juliet, how does the relationship between Lady Capulet and…**

Enotes requires that only one question be asked at a time; therefore, your question has been edited to reflect this. The relationship between Lady Capulet (Juliet’s mom) and Juliet’s cousin Tybalt…

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**MATH**

**Solve for x: 2^x+2^(x+1)+2^(x-1)=56**

We have 2^x+2^(x+1)+2^(x-1)=56 Now 2^x+2^(x+1)+2^(x-1)=56 => 2^x + 2^x*2 + 2^x / 2 = 56 => 2^x (1 + 2 + 1/2) = 56 => 2^x * 7/2 = 56 => 2^x = 56*2 / 7 => 2^x = 16 => 2^x = 2^4 As…

1 educator answer

**ROMEO AND JULIET**

**In the 1996 movie version of Romeo and Juliet, do you think it has the essence of Shakespeare’s…**

The “essence,” eh? What an interesting question! This is my absolute favorite version of the play (which is actually called Romeo + Juliet and stars Leonardo DiCaprio and Claire Danes), but I’ve…

1 educator answer

**A CHRISTMAS CAROL**

**How does Dickens blend comedy and horror in A Christmas Carol?**

One of the great abilities of Dickens as a writer is the way that he is able to mix horror and ironic comedy together in his work, and this can certainly be seen to be in operation in this great…

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**MATH**

**Given a=square root of 3 – i and f(x) = x^4-4x^2+16, prove that f(a)=0.**

As a is equal to sqrt 3 – i, we can substitute that for x in the expression f(x) = x^4 – 4x^2 + 16. f(a) = [(sqrt 3 – i)]^4 – 4*[ (sqrt 3 – i)]^2 + 16 => f(a) = (3 + i^2 – 2i*sqrt 3)^2 – 4*(3 +…

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**FRANKENSTEIN**

**Describe how Frankenstein becomes ill and is nursed by his friend, Clerval.Thanks 😉**

Victor Frankenstein has a surprise visit by his friend Henry Clerval the day after the monster came to life. Frankenstein ran into Henry in the town and as the two walk back to Frankenstein’s place…

1 educator answer

**ROMEO AND JULIET**

**In the movie Romeo and Juliet in 1996, how well do you think the characters were portrayed?Be…**

The director of the 1996 film version of Romeo and Juliet worked hard to reproduce an old play and set it to a modern setting with modern characters. Thus, setting and costuming were certainly…

1 educator answer

**1984**

**According to 1984, what does “empirical” mean??1984>Book 2> Chapter 9> Book of the…**

The definition of this word is hard to understand given the context in which you mention it. The word refers to a scientific way of thinking that is based on evidence rather than on simply…

1 educator answer

**GREAT EXPECTATIONS**

**In Great Expectations, how is Pip ambivalent about his sister’s death?**

The news of Mrs. Joe’s death comes at the end of Chapter 34, but it is only in Chapter 35 that we are shown Pip’s feelings about this news. Clearly, Pip’s harsh upbringing “by hand” and the way…

2 educator answers

**TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD**

**In To Kill a Mockingbird, how is Scout influenced by her brother Jem in the story?**

Scout is influenced by her brother in a variety of ways. First, Scout wants to do what her brother does, even at the risk of her own safety. For example, Scout goes to the Radleys late at night…

1 educator answer

**CINEMA**

**Name the four major historical figures in the movie Amistad (1997).Not the stars who portrayed them**

The answer to this depends to some extent on who you see as a “major” historical figure and who is just a minor figure. There are two people portrayed in the film who are clearly major historical…

2 educator answers

**MATH**

**Evaluate the area of the surface under the curve . Y=1/(sin^2x+4cos^2x+2), x=0 and x=pi/4.**

Before evaluating the definite integral, to determine the area located under the curve, the given lines and x axis, we verify if the function is an even function. A function is even if f(-x) =…

**MATH**

**Use elementary fractions to write the fraction 1/(x^3+x^2+x+1)**

To rewrite 1/(x^3+x^2+x+1) as partial fractions, we first need to factorize the denominator 1/(x^3+x^2+x+1) => 1 / x^2(x + 1) + 1(x +1) => 1 / (x^2 + 1)(x + 1) Let this be equal to (Ax +B) /…

1 educator answer

**MATH**

**Why the definite integral of the function x^2*sin2x/(x^2+1) is 0? x=-3 to x=3**

We find the definite integral of the function x^2*sin2x/(x^2+1) is x=-3 to x=3. Let f(x) = x^2*sin2x/(x^2+1.) Then f(-x) = (-x)^2*sin(2*-x)/{(-x)^2+1)} = x^2 (-sin2x)/(x^2+1) = f(-x). Therefore…

**POLITICAL SCIENCE**

**What on-going international issue or serious internal issue is the country of Syria facing?Please…**

I think that there are many issues that a nation such as Syria faces. In my mind, the number one issue though would have to be terrorism. So many nations have to face this issue, but I think that…

1 educator answer

**MATH**

**How do I solve the following equation : 4(2y+1)=2(12-y)I know the answer is y=2 but i do not…**

You have to solve the equation 4(2y+1) = 2(12-y). First let’s start with 4(2y+1) = 2(12-y) open the brackets => 4*2y + 4*1 = 2*12 – 2*y => 8y + 4 = 24 – 2y now move the terms with y to one…

1 educator answer

**MACBETH**

**Which part of Act 5 do you consider the climax in Macbeth?Act 5 contains the play’s climax, the…**

The climax of Shakespeare’s Macbeth is probably not in Act V. Act III is usually thought to contain the climax. First, climax is more when the conflict is decided, rather than when it is finally…

1 educator answer

**HISTORY**

**Compare and contrast encomiendas and haciendas to mita and slavery.**

During the colonial era of New Spain during the 1500’s, the Spanish crown granted Haciendas, or land holdings to the conquistadors and other nobles. This land was their to farm or to lease to other…

1 educator answer

**MACBETH**

**In Act 4, what does Macbeth do that seems to ensure his tragic downfall?**

Actually, his tragic downfall began when he murdered Duncan. In Act IV, scene 1, he consults with the witches who have been instructed by Hecate to mislead him because he interfered with the…

1 educator answer

**MATH**

**Evaluate the definite integral of the function f(x) if f(x)+f(-x)=1 and x=-a to x=a.**

Int f(-x) dx from x= -a x = a Put y = -x. Then dx = -dy. So {Int f(x) dx from x= -a to x= a}= {Intf(y)(-dy) from y = a to y = -a.} = – {Int f(y)dy from y = a to y = -a.} = Int f(x) dx from x= -a…

**ROALD DAHL**

**How does Roald Dahl create tension in the story “The Landlady”?**

In this story, Roald Dahl’s “The Landlady,” tension is created by the use of suspense. We know from the very beginning that something is not quite right. Billy has every intention of going one…